Health - Naturally
Mornington & Olinda  


Frequency Specific Microcurrent (FSM) therapy was developed before 1934. The frequencies are
now delivered by a Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) & FDA approved microcurrent
frequency generator. The treatment process relies on the principle of biological resonance to
change responses to specific conditions in specific tissues, the purpose of which is to relieve pain
and so to improve function and therefore health.

The microcurrent is delivered in millionths of an ampere. This is of the order of magnitude that the
body itself creates to stimulate life processes.

Because of the physiological effects of microcurrent within the body (see below), studies have
shown that Microcurrent therapy is useful in a number of health related conditions. These include:
       pain management (including cancer related pain),
       fractures, repair of non-union bone fractures,
       ligament repair, tendon repair, wound healing, the stimulation of acupuncture points,
       increasing the healing rate in injured athletes. (4)

Generally speaking "it won't hurt and it may help....." (1)

Physics tells us that matter is made up of molecules. Each individual type of molecule has very
discrete number protons, neutrons and electrons etc. and combination of various atoms in their
makeup. All molecules have electrons whizzing about the nuclei of atoms that make up the
molecules. The motion of these electrons create an electromagnetic signature that is unique to
each molecule.

Normal tissues have a particular electromagnetic signature. Stressed and damaged tissues have
altered signatures as a result of mechanical stress induced changes in the charge state of the
tissue due piezoelectric changes. These changes are due to mechanical pressures applied to the
tissue. Some degree of alteration happens to tissue electromagnetically no matter if it be as a
result of mechanical change as in sprains, cuts or alteration due to changed chemical change,
emotional change or other influences.

So it could be said that each tissue has its own normal electromagnetic state and each condition of
that tissue also has its own electromagnetic state. It is a combination of these electromagnetic
states that FSM attempts to bring back to harmony

Atoms are influenced not only chemically and mechanically but also electromagnetically,
detrimentally as a trauma and beneficially as a treatment.

The Physiological effects of the Microcurrent
•        increases ATP production 500%
        (ATP is the energy produced by cells & used to perform their tasks.)
•        increases protein synthesis by 70%
        (Protein is required for most structural repair. See connective tissue.)
•        increases cellular transport by 40%.
        (allows nutrient chemicals into cells and wastes products to be removed. See cellular transport)

Frequency Specific Microcurrent was first taught in Australia 2001. Peter Robb studied its application
in 2002 and was certified in its use in 2003. In December 2005, there were about 70 certified
microcurrent therapists in Australia at that time. Microcurrent therapy is no longer being taught in

Pain control
Some people experience pain in neck muscles due to injury. This is referred to as Cervical
Myofascial pain. This pain can be severe and long lasting.

Table 1
50 cases: Cervical Myofacial Pain– Published JBMT

People also have pain in the lower back muscles due to injury . This is called Lumbar Myofascial
pain. (5)

Table 2

Lumbar Myofacial pain


Cervical trauma – Fibromyalgia
Fibromyalgia is 13.3 times more common following Cervical injury. 24% of all fibromyalgia
patients have had cervical trauma. About 1% of the population suffers from fibromyalgia. The
pain suffered by these people is often resistant to relief from narcotic pain relievers.

What happens as a result of Microcurrent therapy?

    •         Interleukin-1 is reduced. This can induce fever, control lymphocytes, increase
             the number of bone marrow cells and cause degeneration of bone joints
    •         Interleukin-6 is reduced. This is a pro-inflammatory cytokine secreted to
             stimulate immune response to trauma, especially in tissue damage. It is elevated
             in response to muscle contraction and stimulates the break down of bone.
    •        TNF-alpha is reduced. This cytokine has been implicated in a variety of
             diseases, including autoimmune diseases, insulin resistance, and cancer.
             (These are pain causing inflammatory agents)
    •         Substance P (a neurotransmitter of pain) is reduced. In the central nervous
             system, substance P has been associated in the regulation of mood disorders,
             anxiety, stress, reinforcement, neurogenesis, respiratory rhythm, neurotoxicity,
             nausea / vomiting and pain.
    •         Serotonin (a neurotransmitter that helps you feel good) is increased. In the
             central nervous system, serotonin is believed to play an important role in the
             regulation of anger, aggression, body temperature, mood, sleep, vomiting,
             sexuality, and appetite. Low levels of serotonin may be associated with several
             disorders, namely increase in aggressive and angry behaviors, clinical
             depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), migraine, irritable bowel
             syndrome, tinnitus, fibromyalgia, bipolar disorder, and anxiety disorders.

As a result of Microcurrent Therapy, the pain scores of these study patients were lowered
(refer to Table 1 & 2 above and “INFLAMMATORY AGEN
TS” charts).

Changes in inflammatory agents
that cause pain - responses to treatment

If the level of pain is maintained in a reduced state  for 4 to 6 months, the neuroendocrine
system recovers.  Full recovery is achieved in most cases.

Treatment resulted in
•        pain reduction (6)
•        improved range of movement
•        95% reduction in  medication for muscle relaxation and pain control
•        elimination of sleep medication (in most cases)
•        improved digestion.

How does it work?
Living tissues are made up of biologically active chemicals. These are configured into specific
systems that have precise structures held together by electromagnetic bonds. These tissues
are water lined gel lattices. They behave as semiconductors that allow the flow of electrons
which can convey information. Each component of the body (even down to the smallest part) is
immersed in and generates a constant stream of information. This information is conveyed in
the form if specific resonant frequencies. Each cell, tissue and organ has its own ideal
resonant frequency that co-ordinates its activities (2) and eventually informs the nervous
system of its activity state.

In addition, each injury or disease has its own resonant frequency that interferes with the body’
s ability to recover to a state of normal function. The interaction of these frequencies can be
complex. For example, inflammation may be present in a tissue, together with pain as well as
an over stretching of soft tissues. This presents itself, in addition to chemical changes, as an
electromagnetic disturbance. These disturbances can be neutralised by applying appropriate
Frequency Specific Microcurrent Therapy.(3)

Another example: the secretions of the ovary are not only present as a bio-chemical
phenomenon, they are also present as electromagnetic frequencies. The secretions of the
ovary can be increased by applying electromagnetic frequencies which amplify its activity.


Concept of Biological Resonance Chart

Loose ligaments

My experience with Frequency Specific Microcurrent Therapy tells me that it is capable of
inducing beneficial changes in tissues. Its ability to normalise stretched ligaments is nothing
short of amazing.
I have used Frequency Specific Microcurrent as a means of pain control and patients have
reported other beneficial effects such as relief from chronic fatigue syndrome, allergies and
improved range of movement in joints. Pain often results when joints move further than they
are supposed to. This is because of excess pressure on soft tissues not designed to take
abnormal loads and also irritation of nerves and pain receptors. Either way it makes for
reduced activity and an altered life style.

The work I love to do is to help people in pain especially those with loose knee joints. Why
loose knee joints? Because we can easily measure the changes are knee joint ligament

looseness. It is often necessary to have 2 to 3 treatments to both reduce pain and tighten

the joint. To give you an idea of the type of change we commonly see is shown in the table



KNEE JOINT STABILITY (in the side to side direction) Side to side movement of the ankle while the lower thigh is held in a stable position. Doing this allows us to measure the degree of looseness in the medial and lateral collateral knee ligaments
Cassie (24 year old active and fit female – simple case)

left knee right knee
initial measurement 39 62
after first treatment (1.5 hr) 18 21
after second treatment 1 hr) 12 18
decrease in joint play (mm) 27 44  
% change 69% 71%
Further treatment not needed
Outcome: Joint stability improved and pain resolved

Jesse (14 year old male semi active – complex case)

left knee right knee
initial measurement 82 122
after first treatment (1.5 hr) 85 58
after second treatment 1 hr) 58 37
after third treatment 1 hr) 28 33
decrease in joint play 54 89  
% change 66% 73%
Further treatment may become necessary depending on nutritional state and activity levels
Outcome: Joint stability improved and pain resolved

Phillip (47 year old male active and fit – simple case)

left knee right knee
initial measurement 92 67
after first treatment (1.5 hr) 26 33
after second treatment 1 hr) 11 10
decrease in joint play (mm) 81 57  
% change 88% 85%
Further treatment not needed
Outcome: Joint stability improved and pain resolved

Amanda (46 year old female active and fit – simple case) fresh injury following Karate accident

left knee right knee
initial measurement 29 80 millimetres
after first treatment (1.5 hr) 15 8
after second treatment 1 hr) not needed
decrease in joint play (mm) 14 72  
% change 48% 90%
Further treatment not needed
Outcome: Joint stability improved and pain resolved

Zac (10 year old male very active and fit – simple case) chronic injury following sports injury

left knee right knee
initial measurement 80 28
after first treatment (1.5 hr) 21 20
after second treatment 1 hr) not needed
decrease in joint play (mm) 59 8  
% change 74% 29%
Further treatment not needed
Outcome: Joint stability improved and pain resolved
Josie (60 year old female active and fit – chronic knee pain leading to low back pain.

left knee right knee
initial measurement 51 121 millimetres
after first treatment (1.5 hr) 23 61
decrease in joint play (mm) 17 16  
% change 67% 87%
Further treatment not needed
Outcome: Joint stability improved and pain resolved


The reason we use the knee joint as our example is that it is very simple to measure the joint's
range of movement. Joint movement is supposed to be limited by healthy ligaments.
Excessive joint play can be seen in the case studies above some spectacular changes can be
brought about. All that was incidental to resolving pain

Ligaments throughout the body including those of the spine and sacroiliac joints are made of the
same stuff as the knee ligaments. They should respond in similar fashion to microcurrent
treatment. Joints other than knees are much harder to isolate and measure without subjecting a
patient to x-ray radiation. Preliminary results with spines and pelvic joint motions are promising.

Please note: If your ligaments are torn and not just stretched, then we will NOT see the changes indicated above.  

If there is a physical tear present, then it is likely that only surgery will help to repair the tissue.


"The mechanical behaviour of the functional spinal unit was strongly influenced by ligament
stiffness. In some cases, a ligament with low stiffness does not carry any load, while the same
ligament with high stiffness has to carry a high load."(7) This is why it is a good thing to strive
towards as good a repair of ligaments as you can reasonably attain. So much of spinal stability
and the body's positional integrity depends on ligament soundness.

Treatment risks are very minor. The only rare side effect reported is a mild transient dizziness or
sleepiness lasting about 20 minutes. 4 out of 1500 people could not tolerate microcurrent
therapy they were people with spinal cord damage, agent orange exposure, narcotic addiction &
extreme sensitivity to electromagnetic fields.
Generally my advice to sufferers of chronic injuries is “Try it, it can’t hurt …it might help.”

Microcurrent is NOT a treatment option in the following situations:
Pregnancy where the therapeutic current would need to pass through a pregnant uterus. The
treatment can however be used on locations away from the uterus.
Pacemakers, some pacemakers operate and frequencies that are used in some treatment
protocols. Unless the manufacturer of your pacemaker will specify in writing that the frequency
range of 0.1 to 999 hertz will not affect the safe operation of your pacemaker, then microcurrent
treatment is not an option for you.
Cancer Microcurrent boosts the ATP (energy of cells) this would also occur in cancer cells as
well. This would give them more energy to run more rampant. This is not a good idea!

In summary
Microcurrent therapy is a useful tool in speeding the repair of tissues that have been resistant to
repair in the normal course of life. Its ability to change the levels of cytokines makes it likely to be
beneficial in situations of elevated pain. From the table above it can be seen that it can work
even though the pain has been present for some years and non responsive to other treatment
modalities. Instant relief is not routinely provided and it does take a number of treatments to achieve the levels of pain reduction shown in the tables above.

Generally speaking "it won't hurt and it may help....."

1        "Frequency Specific Microcurrent"; Course notes 2005, McMakin C.; Pub Health World Ltd
2        "Energy Medicine, The scientific basis"; J. Oschman PhD
3        "The Body Electric"; R. Becker MD
4        "The Basis for Micro Current Electrical Therapy in Conventional Medical Practice"; JM Mercola
          and DL Kirsch PhD
5        Microcurrent therapy: a novel treatment method for chronic low back myofascial pain Carolyn
          R. McMakin, M.A., D.C. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies (2004) 8, 143–153
6        http://www.biomsi.com/pdfs/MicrocurrentStimulationEffectiveAJPM.pdf
7        "Influence of ligament stiffness on the mechanical behavior of a functional spinal unit",Thomas
          Zander, Antonius Rohlmann, Georg Bergmann, J of Biomechanics, Volume 37, Issue 7, July
          2004, Pages 1107-1111

8        "Differential Diagnosis of Trigger Points, Soft Tissue Pain Syndromes: Clinical diagnosis and

          pathogenesis: The Haworth Medical Press, 2004:23-28

9        http://www.headbacktohealth.com/Myofascial_Release.html


Jesse managed to stress his knee
at school sports after his first
treatment session. His right knee had
responded very well but his left
knee became a bit worse as a

While after 3 treatments his joints
are very much better than they
were, it can be seen that in
comparison to Cassie, he does still
have some residual looseness. It is
obvious that Jesse's knees are now
a lot more stable than they were.

He could do with another session.
I see no reason why he should not
gain the extra stability Cassie had

In Jesse's case, Microcurrent
Therapy has already eliminated
the need for surgical tightening of
the knee ligaments secondary to
pain control.

This added outcome is in many
ways even more important than
pain reduction on its own.

The other patients all improved in a

much more straight forward way, and

all had their knee pain resolved

Links this page

Pain control
Changes in

How it works
Loose ligaments



Health - Naturally
Mornington & Beechworth, Victoria, Australia


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Mechanical causes of Myofascial pain (8)

Exercise: Eccentric, unaccustomed,

               maximal, repetitive

Trauma (9)

Joint hypermotility - due to injury (trauma)

Forward head posture

Pelvic misalignment - subluxation

Joint dysfunctions - subluxation

Static (extended) overloading

Nerve root irritation

Muscle imbalance

Autoimmune disorders



Viscerosomatic pain

Nutritional deficiencies

Drug induced (cholesterol lowering drugs)